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Full text of "Byzantine Churches In Constantinople"

CHAP, v      THE CHURCH OF S. ANDREW IN KRISEI          107
church of S, Mamas. The church of S. Mamas was on the road between the Studion and the church of S. Andrew.1 Hence the church of S. Andrew stood to the north of the Studion, the situation occupied by Hoja Mustapha Pasha Mesjedi, Once more, the site of the mosque corresponds to the position assigned to the church of S. Andrew on the map of Bondelmonthis (1420), to the east of the Gate of Selivria. Finally, the old church is more definitely identified by the legend of the judicial procedure which clings to the building. In the picturesque courtyard of the mosque, where the colour of the East is still rich and vivid, there stands an old cypress tree around whose bare and  withered branches a slender iron chain is entwined like the skeleton of some extinct serpent. As tradition would have it, the chain was once endowed with the gift of judgment, and in cases of dispute could indicate which of the parties concerned told the truth. One day a Jew who had borrowed money from a Turk, on being summoned to pay his debt, replied that he had done so already. To that statement the Turk gave the lie direct, and accordingly, debtor and creditor were brought to the chain for the settlement of the question at issue. Before submitting to the ordeal, however, the Jew placed a cane into the hands of the Turk, and then stood under the cypress confident that his honour for truthfulness and honesty would be vindicated. His expectation proved correct, for the chain touched his head to intimate that he had returned the money he owed. Whereupon taking back his cane he left the scene in triumph. Literally, the verdict accorded with fact; for the cane which the Jew had handed to his creditor was hollow and contained the sum due to the latter. But the verdict displayed such a lack of
on the European shore of the Bosporus near Beshiktash. He also shows that the church of S. Mamas, near the Gate Xylokerkou, stood within the landward walls, somewhere between the Studion and S. Andrew in Krisei. Cf. Itinfraires russet, p. 102.
1 The Anonymus (Banduri, in. p. 54) places S. Mamas, rd SJvXo/c^p/coi;, within the city, between the monastery of Gastria and that of S. Saviour in the Chora. The suburb of S. Mamas he places (ut supra, pp. 57-58) outside the city between Galata and the Diplokionion (Beshiktash). This is only one proof of the correctness of Pere Pargoire's position. See Pargoire, ut supra,